Carolina Castro Sanguino


School of Biological Sciences
The University of Queensland
St Lucia, QLD 4072
Ph: +61 412684313
Skype: carolaca22



I am investigating the contribution of coral structural complexity and herbivory on the abundance and productivity of the calcified green algae Halimeda across spatial and temporal scales. Halimeda has a key ecological role as one of the most important contributors to carbonate budgets and carbonate sedimentation in the Indo-Pacific. Surprisingly, we still know very little about its ecology and biology and yet this information is important if we are to make plausible predictions about the future productivity and carbonate dynamics of coral reefs under climate change.


2016 Ph.D. Biological Sciences. The University of Queensland, Australia.

2010 M.Sc. Biological Sciences. Universidad de los Andes.  Colombia.

2003 B.Sc.  Marine Biology. Universidad de Bogotá Jorge Tadeo Lozano. Colombia


2016 Research Officer. School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland. Project: Analysis of  Great Barrier Reef Expedition. Project funded by The Khaled bin Sultan Living Oceans Foundation.

2012-2016 Ph.D. Candidate. School of Biological Sciences,The University of Queensland, Australia.

2011 Researcher. MoAm monitoreos Ambientales. Project: Assessment of biodiversity associated with artificial reefs (Diaspora Program), Golfo de Morrosquillo, Colombian Caribbean.

2009 Graduated assistant. Universidad de los Andes, Engineering Faculty. Project: Dynamic Model for direct use of the Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta.

2007 Laboratory analyst. MCS Consultoría y Monitoreo Ambiental. Hydrobiology Area. Bogota, Colombia.

2006 Scuba Dive Master PADI. Tayrona Dive Center. Taganga, Colombia.

2003-2004 Assistant researcher. INVEMAR (CSC Group). Project: Monitoring of representative marine ecosystems in Portete Bay, Guajira. Cerrejón.



Castro-Sanguino, C., Lovelock, C. and Mumby, P.J. 2017. Factors affecting tolerance to herbivory in a calcifying alga on coral reefs. Marine Biology 164:37 doi 10.1007/s00227-016-3062-0.

Flower J., Ortiz J.C., Chollett I., Abdullah S., Castro-Sanguino C., Hock K., Lam V., Mumby P.J. 2017. Interpreting coral reef monitoring data: A guide for improved management decisions. Ecological Indicators 72, 848-869.

Castro-Sanguino, C., Lovelock, C. and Mumby, PJ. 2016. The effect of structurally-complex corals and herbivory on the dynamics of Halimeda. Coral Reefs 35:597-609.

Rogers, Alice, Harborne, AR., Brown, CJ., Bozec, Y-M., Castro, C., Chollett, I., Hock, K., Knowland, CA., Marshell, A., Ortiz, JC., Razak, T., Roff, J., Samper-Villarreal, J., Saunders, M.I., Wolff, N.H., Mumby, P. J. 2014. Anticipative management for coral reef ecosystem services in the 21st century. Global Change Biology, 21:504–514.

Castro-Sanguino, C. and Sánchez, J.A. 2012. Dispersal of Symbiodinium by the stoplight parrotfish Sparisoma viride. Biology Letters,8: 282–286.

Castro, C., M. Monroy y O.D. Solano. 2006. Epifaunal Community Structure associated to free-living colonies of the hydrocoral Millepora alcicornis Linnaeus, 1758 in Portete Bay. Bol. Invest. Mar. Cost., 35: 195-206. Santa Marta, Colombia.


Conference abstracts:

Castro-Sanguino, C. Bozec, Y-M., and Mumby, P. 2016. Dynamics of carbonate production of Halimeda on shallow coral reefs. 13th International Coral Reef Symposium. June 2016. Honolulu, Hawaii USA. Oral presentation.

Castro-Sanguino, C. Lovelock, C., Roff G., and Mumby, P. 2014. Impact of fish herbivory and structural complexity of corals on carbonate production by the reef algae Halimeda.  The 51st Annual Australian Marine Sciences Association AMSA Conference. Investigating our Marine Nation. Canberra, Australia. Oral presentation.

Castro-Sanguino, C. and Mumby, P. 2013.  The contribution of habitat complexity for Halimeda growth and productivity.  The 87th Annual ACRS Conference. Reefs in a time of change. Sydney, Australia. Poster.

Castro-Sanguino, C. and Sánchez, J.A. 2010. Ichthyochorous dispersal of Symbiodinium spp.: a bioindicator for coral resilience?. Euro ISRS Symbposium 2010. Reefs in a changing environment. Wageningen, The Netherlands.Oral presentation.

Otero, V. C. Olaya, and C. Castro, 2010. Deceiving Feedbacks: The Challenge of Policy-Design for Inshore Fishery Activities in Complex Ecosystems. The Case of the Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta. International Environmental Modelling and Software Society (iEMSs). 2010 International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software. Modelling for Environment’s Sake, Fifth Biennial Meeting, Ottawa, Canada. Proceedings.

Castro, C. and Sánchez, J.A. 2010. Zoochorous dispersal of Symbiodinium by the stoplight parrotfish Sparisoma viride. Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology Annual Meeting (SICB). Seattle, USA. Poster.

Castro, C., M. Monroy y O.D. Solano. 2004. Composition and Structure of the epifauna associated to living colonies of the hydrocoral Millepora alcicornis Linnaeus, 1758 in Portete Bay.XI Congreso Latinoamericano de Ciencias del Mar COLACMAR, Chile. p. 409. Poster

Book Chapter:

Castro, C.  Zooxantelas: el punto crítico de la resiliencia coralina frente al cambio climático global. 149‐173 pp. In: J.A. Sánchez and J. López‐Angarita (eds.). Perspectivas en la ecología de los arrecifes coralinos. Colección Ciclo Básico. Universidad de los Andes, Ediciones Uniandes. Bogotá, Colombia


Fellowships & Awards:

2014. Research Scholarship. Project: Ecological drivers of  Halimeda abundance and its implication for the carbonate production of coral reefs. Heron Island Research Station HIRS -The University of Queensland.

2014. Research Grant. Project: The impact of local nutrients on the dynamics of Halimeda and its implication for sediment budgets. The Australian Coral Reef Society, ACRS.

2013. Research Grant. Project: Halimeda dynamics in a changing ecosystem. PADI Foundation.

2012-2015 International Postgraduate Research Scholarship (IPRS) and University of Queensland Centennial Scholarship (UQCent).

2010. Research Grant. Project: Ichthyochorous dispersal of zooxanthellae at coral reefs of Cartagena, colombian Caribbean.  Universidad de los Andes, Biological Sciences Department, Graduate School. 

2009. Research Grant.  Project No. 2.496:Coral reef resilience indicators regarding Global Warming: Towards the improvement of the effectiveness in the Managing of Marine Protected Areas. Fundación para la Promoción de la Investigación y la Tecnología, Banco de la República. Carolina Castro, Carlos E. Gómez and Juan A. Sánchez.

2005. Scholarship Grant. Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences. Coral Reef Ecology Course. Bermuda, UK.